Everything about Gaudí: His Barcelona Takeover- the Antoni Gaudí Style
Who Is Gaudí?
The artist Gaudí, also known as Antoni Gaudí, born Antoni Gaudí I Cornet, is a Spain-born architectural artist of the 19th century. He was born in 1852 in Reus, Spain, in the Catalonia region/Mediterranean coast of Spain. Born to a coppersmith, Gaudí’s artistic interest was sparked from an early age. After devoting himself to the architectural craft, Antoni Gaudí aimed for Barcelona to embark on his artistic academic, and creative journey.
After finishing school at the Barcelona Architecture School in 1878, graduating already with a reference of being a total genius, Antoni Gaudí made the direct decision to dive into Barcelona and its possibilities. With his Architect Degree, the Antoni Gaudí architecture style would soon engulf the Spanish city and become of the most fantastically designed cities in the world.
The Antoni Gaudí Barcelona architecture was shaped and formed by his creative mind that was influenced by the forms and shapes of this earth’s nature. With this factor, Barcelona and Gaudí became one as he was the artist that shaped the city and composed it to be one of the most flavored cities to date.
Gaudí Architecture Style
Throughout his artistic career, Antoni Gaudí experienced and worked throughout many different realms and tastes of architectural exploration. At the beginning of his career in Barcelona, Gaudí continued with the Victorianism style. This Victorianism style was filled with geometric juxtapositions and essentially referred to as Medujar. This Medujar style was a blend of Muslim and Christian form having a general effect on the architectural essence.
Here are some examples of this particular style of Antoni Gaudí architecture:
The Güell Estate and Güell Palace – both located in Barcelona and built in the later 1800s
After using this Medujar style in his work, Anotoni Gaudí shifted to more historical forms.
Approaching the Gothic style, Gaudí used this essence of architectural design with the building of the Episcopal Palace of Astorga (1887-1893), one of the three buildings Antoni Gaudí built outside of Barcelona. Along with this palace, the Gaudí architecture of Barcelona expanded to the region of Leon, Spain with his building of Casa de los Botines (1892-1894). An example of Gaudí’s use of a rather Gothic style in Barcelona? Casa Calvet (1898-1904). Though with this crafting of his Gothic style aesthetic, Gaudí in Barcelona became more prominent with his inspirations of technique, and in 1902 his work escaped from the conventional style of the architect-known works, and was shaped into his own Gaudí style name.
The most significant works of Barcelona Gaudí architecture:
Park Güell (1900-1914)
This project was commissioned by Eusebi Güell to harbor a profound city park capturing the essence of Barcelona and its energy. With all Barcelona by Antoni Gaudí, it only made sense he produced the park as well. Creating from a variety of tiles and making mosaic beauty, Gaudí designed Park Güell over a span of fourteen years. The parks include many different sculptures, fountains, and structured buildings that are now housed museums of the artist.
Colonia Güell Church (1898-1915)
This church was constructed with the known Gaudí architecture in Barcelona – equilibrated. Meaning…that Gaudí’s way through the shape and form of his building was built with less infrastructure and buttresses, and more natural balance inspired from nature around. This unfinished place of worship was built in the hillside suburb of Barcelona in Santa Coloma de Cervello. This church served as the concept for Eusebi Guell who was the man who commissioned Antoni Gaudí in 1898.
The Most Influential and Known Work of Antoni Gaudí
The most notable and recognized Barcelona architecture Gaudí constructed is La Familia Sagrada. The Basilica de la Sagrada Familia is the most profound work in all of Barcelona by Antoni Gaudí. This creation was formed from natural inspiration by Gaudí. Still being worked on today, the masterpiece began in the year 1882. Some 139 years later, the incredible structure stands beautifully unfinished still. It is perhaps the most expressive, detailed, breath-taking creation of the Barcelona architecture of Gaudí.
Other Important Buildings of Gaudí
Casa Batllo (1904-1906)
An apartment building constructed with the equilibrium factor and having more focus on the overall appearance being facade-like.
Casa Mila (1905-1910)
Also, an apartment building crafted with the unique style of naturalness factors. Casa Mila stands as one of the most visited Gaudí sites in the country.
Some Facts about Antoni Gaudí
- Gaudí never married in his life
- Gaudí originated up to 20 monuments throughout Barcelona alone
- In Palma, Majorca, Spain (and the island of the Spain surroundings) is a Gaudí house that is now a secret gem of museums
Gaudí and Barcelona
Holding all Gaudí architecture, Barcelona is now known for its expressive flavors of light and intriguing ways of architectural form. Gaudí formed and devised his own style with features of free artistic expression and influence from the world that holds us all.
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