Renowned Assemblage Artists and Their Unique Works with Special Stories
As we know from the designation, an assemblage meaning is a form of sculpture consisting of individual objects arranged in such a way that they create a work of art.
What Is Assemblage Art?
Such things can be either organic or artificial.
- Old things
- Wooden sticks
- Product packaging
- Children’s toys
- Junk kitchen utensils
- Anything you can think of
Absolutely anything can be included in a work of art. Anything that catches the eye of the artist and, in his opinion, fits into the composition, complements the overall picture, and forms a unified whole, is part of the masterpiece. And how can you define assemblage for yourself?
You may confuse assemblage with collage in nature and composition. But you have to keep in mind that assemblage-style works have to be three-dimensional, and that’s how they differ from a simple two-dimensional collage.
There is a very thin, invisible line between a three-dimensional, multi-layered collage and an assemblage made in the very shallow form. It is very important to understand the artist and try to understand what he wanted to convey with his work.
Notable Examples of Assemblage Art
We do not want to talk too excessively. So we suggest you take a look at the works of famous assemblage artists and appreciate their creations for yourself.
Man Ray: Indestructible Object, 1964 (Copy of the Original 1923 Work)
Man Ray created his masterpiece in 1923, but after a devastating break-up with fellow photographer Lee Miller, the master decided to alter the work. Ray replaced the original eye with a photograph of Miller’s own eye. For the author, this object of art must have had great personal meaning.
Raoul Hausmann: The Mechanical Head (Spirit of Our Century), 1920
This is Hausmann’s most famous work. It is the only surviving assemblage sculpture that the author created around 1919–1920. The head is made from a barber’s dummy. This work accommodates various measuring instruments (ruler, clock mechanism, typewriter, several parts from a camera, and an alligator purse).
Hausmann’s sculpture can be seen as Hegel’s aggressively Marxist thought: it is ahead whose thoughts are defined by material objects. They are woven into the head.
However, Hausmann himself conveys the idea of the head as the seat of the mind. He shows ahead into which the external forces of the world penetrate and control.
Louise Nevelson: Tropical Garden 2, 1957
Louise Nevelson is one of the most famous sculptors of the 20th century. She was a pioneer of installation art.
Louise created abstract expressionist, cubist and constructivist masterpieces from wood, furniture fragments, and crates. Her other works were usually monochrome or entirely black. This work of art is no exception. In this way, the author established a special bond between the object and the viewer that went beyond representation.
After studying under the influential artist and educator Hans Hofmann, Nevelson began creating her signature sculptures in the mid–the 1950s. They were successful, so the following works were placed in the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Museum of Modern Art, and the Brooklyn Museum. Louise Nevelson has since been shown in exhibitions at other institutions.
Méret Oppenheim: Le Déjeuner en Fourrure (Fur Breakfast), 1936
Oppenheim’s Fur TeaCup is the most famous work of Surrealism. This author’s idea was inspired by a conversation between Oppenheim, Pablo Picasso, and the photographer Dora Maar in a Parisian café. Admiring Oppenheim’s fur bracelets, Picasso remarked that literally anything could be covered with this material, even if it is crockery.
In the 1930s, many Surrealist painters depicted objects in bizarre combinations that evoked unusual associations. And this object, entitled Le Déjeuner en fourrure, is no exception. The work emphasizes the specifics of pleasure: the fur is pleasant to the touch, but unpleasant to the taste.
The tea set with fur trim brings the most incredible ideas to life. Audiences often express rage, laughter, delight, or surprise.
Robert Rauschenberg: Exhibition Print, Combinations (Exhibition Image Gallery), 1980
Robert Rauschenberg discovered his penchant for drawing and his interest in the artistic representation of everyday objects and people in 1947. He studied art in Paris on a programme but quickly became disillusioned with the European art scene.
Less than a year later he moved to North Carolina, where the country’s most important artists and thinkers, such as Joseph Albers and Buckminster Fuller, taught at Black Mountain College. Robert then decided to seek success in New York. It was there that he found the depth of painting and decided what kind of work he should create.
He found his signature style, and used materials that in everyday life would seem unthinkable to an artist.
We hope you are now sufficiently knowledgeable in assemblages definition to be able to distinguish this art form from others of a similar nature. And famous artists encourage you to create your own masterpiece with a unique idea.
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