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How Soviet Realists Formulated an Art Period. All about Socialist Realism

20.01.2021
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what is Soviet Social Realism

Following the 19th century Russian realism, the Soviet Social Realism was organized and committed to by representing a mirror to life and its happenings in the 1930s. Although it was first introduced through the literary structure, Socialist Realism expands over a variety of creations, crafts, and compositions. This influence by USSR art touched and ignited the makings of literature, many genres of art, and even music.

Socialist Realism Literature

Socialist Realism Literature

When it came to Socialist Realism literature and its factors, always what was included was the positive outlook on the scenario: ergo, the hero. Every literature which was written by Soviet authors or writers always included the positive conquering or the definite appreciation of the one who “saved them all”. The similarity between those who created these stories or outlines of heroes and the authors was the lack of definitive integrity. Though the literary writing actualized the hero and their actions (and even consequences), there was a distinct parallel between character and writer. An example of Socialist Realism Literature: Kak Zakalyalas Stal (How The Steel was Tempered) by Nikolay Ostrovsky. A writer who passed young at the age of 32, his story offered a hero defeating his handicapped disabilities to become a writer and lead inspiration to workers of the Reconstruction.

Socialist Realism in Art

Soviet Social Realism

Socialist Realism appeared in art through many different outlets and styles. From visual art on canvas, to sculpture, and use as propaganda, the visual art aesthetic of Social Realism was majorly influenced by the Marxist influence. Thus revealing Socialist Realism propaganda in joint with literature just as well. Both artistically-created crafts were used for propagandistic influence by spreading idolizing communist beliefs. When it came to Socialist Realism painting and Social Realism sculpture, the impact of style was directly taken from naturalistic ideals. For instance, portraying working persons with importance, bravery, and physical strength. Until the late 20th century, Socialist Realism in art remained the official style of the Soviet Union artists. Some of the most well-known Soviet Socialist Realism artists include Aleksandr Gerasimov, Issak Brodsky, and Ilya Mashkov.

Socialist Realism Music

Socialist Realism Music

Some fifteen years after the ignition of Soviet Socialist Realism, the creative method to compose musical works to enhance and promote the Eastern European communist authority became the requirement for successful music. Though the establishment of such foundations was never cemented, ideas of devotion by musicians and composers included such: commitment to the societal education of music, certainty, and clarity, and directness to the known rather than experimental production. These conditions for musical composition strained the musical artists of the era and had them under full control by the central authority. No such artistic freedom seemed to exist.

Socialist Realism music dominated the Polish culture and lifestyle. Though with restrictions and limitations in the creative society, three musical artists came together and conquered Socialist Realism music as a whole. Those three artists were composer Kazimierz Serocki, and musicians Tadeusz Baird and Jan Krenz. In a search for artistic freedom where all was taken from the soul and culture, these three composers’ commitment to crafting as much musical and artistic expression in a time where there was none, was what proved to be one of the most influential happenings of this Soviet Socialism Realism period.

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